Throughout the years, naturally, soil becomes compacted, making it more difficult to have a healthy lawn. Any kind of traffic from people, dogs, and/or lawn mowers can make the soil even more compacted. Air space becomes limited, retarding root growth, which will lead to retrogression of your lawn. Compaction is the greatest on the the top layer of the soil, 1 to 1 1/2 inches in depth. This service will relieve 2 to 3 inches deep to increase the air, water and nutrient exchange needed to have a beautiful lawn. Core aeration is recommended every other year or if you desire a thicker lawn and it will also increase the results of grass seed. If a lot of traffic takes place, core aeration may be recommended more often
When core aeration, seed and starter fertilizer is combined, this is the single best service for your existing lawn and it is the most economical way of establishing a thick lawn. This service is recommended in the months of August, September and October. Dirt & Turf has competitive prices with top of the line products and services.
Dirt & Turf uses tall fescue grass seed. Tall fescue is by far the most durable cool-season turf grass, both in the sun and in the shade, and still looks great! Tall fescue grows in clumps. In the past, if the lawn wasn’t thick, the blades would get extra wide. It was only used because of its durability. Not anymore! Blades of this grass will stay thin and it’s just as durable. Tall fescue is the only cool-season turf that is drought tolerant and disease resistant. Each year, farmers continue to genetically improve characteristics of grass seed, which has made tall fescue the best choice of grass seed in New Jersey. Not only is this a premium seed blend, you will be receiving plenty of it! We put enough seed down for you to have a perfect lawn in 4 to 5 weeks after this process. If after a month, that’s not the case, we’ll figure out why and will guide you to get there!
Starter fertilizer adds phosphorus to your soil to feed the seed, promote new growth, as well as root growth. Most bags of fertilizer does not contain phosphorus. New Jersey regulates the use of phosphorus and can only be used with seed or if a soil test shows deficiency in the soil with phosphorus levels.
Benefits of core aeration:
- Reduces compaction of soil
- Diminishes weed growth
- Relieves stress caused by drought
- Breaks down the thatch layer
- Stimulates root growth
- Enhances effectiveness of products
- Improves oxygen and nutrients availability
- Promotes seed results
- And much, much more
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Water is very important after this service. Please refer to watering instructions on our Lawn Maintenance page. Scroll past watering instruction and also look at heat stress. If you had those problems in the summer, you will have similar problems when it comes to watering seed in, look at the pictures below. After 5 weeks from seeding and the lawn looks like this, there is a water issue.
This is seed only growing in the aeration holes, which tends to come up a week early then the rest of the seed that lands around the holes. The seed outside the holes must be watered in before it starts growing, yielding results a little bit slower. If the seed dries out during the germination process, it may never grow. While slice seeding, or power seeding, could help with this problem, it’s just not economical. Slice seeding must be done in 2 different directions, it’s very time consuming and usually, triple the price! Even with slice seeding, water is required.
Why is it important to use the right grass seed?
All types of grass have pros and cons. For New jersey, other than tall fescue, grasses tend to have a thinner blades, which some could find more appealing, but they lack durability.
- Perennial Ryegrass is not bad when you want quick results and can fill in little gaps you can’t see for a tighter knit lawn, to help block out weeds. Unfortunately, it handles heat stress poorly and is very susceptible to disease. 100% ryegrass blend is inexpensive, but won’t look like a desired lawn, not being mixed with other types of grasses, it will increase the chance of issues in the summer.
- Kentucky Bluegrass may have the best color, blade width, and bluegrass also spreads by rhizomes and stolons, filling in the little gaps in the lawn, without the help of seed. Unfortunately, durability is where this grass may fail. Bluegrass must be irrigated regularly and needs full sunlight, without a tree nearby. Since irrigation often needs adjustment, bluegrass is quick to show imperfections on a sprinkler system.
- Thin fescues are great for shade, especially if you like a thinner blade width. Add this grass seed to the sun, you could be an unhappy camper come summer time. Thin fescues have a similar appearance and durability as perennial ryegrass.
These 3 types of grasses are what makes up a sun and shade mix bag of seed, the most popular bag of seed on the shelves, just because of the name. Unfortunately, only half the bag is good in the sun and the other half is only good in the shade. Technically, consumers are not getting their money’s worth when it comes to this grass mixture. This is why talls fescue is the seed of choice; good in the sun, good in the shade, and very durable, while still being attractive!